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  • Roland Talanow

    2019-07-12 17:23:50 Visible by anyone.

    Take a vote! Help us enhance the interpretability of A.I. systems in Radiology:


    Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) systems are achieving remarkable performances in radiology, but at the cost of increased complexity. Hence, they become less interpretable.

    As these systems are pervasively being introduced to radiology, we believe it becomes imperative to develop dedicated methodologies to enhance the interpretability of A.I. technologies.

    Interpretability methods could help physicians to decide whether they should follow/trust a prediction from an A.I. system. Ultimately, interpretability of A.I. systems is closely linked to safety in healthcare.

    The following poll is meant to collect radiologists’ opinions about methods to enhance the interpretability of A.I. systems developed to assist radiologists.

    We thank you in advance for taking 5 minutes to answer this poll. The results of the poll are going to be made publicly available and part of a related publication where this topic will be discussed.

    On behalf of the organisers and supporters of iMIMIC Workshop (Interpretability of Machine Intelligence in Medical Image Computing) 

  • New member:

    Donald Litten



  • New member:

    Dukagjin Zeqiraj

    Medical student Albania,


  • New member:

    True Jodi

    Radiologist United States,


  • Priyanka Divekar Chest & Cardiac Imaging 07/30/2017

    I am a radiology resident uploading a case of coronary CT angiography. A 50 yrs old male patient presented with atypical chest pain and was referred for CT coronary angiography. CT coronary angiogra...

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  • New member:

    David Cuevas

    Radiology resident United States, Baja california


  • New member:

    Leanne Chin

    Radiology resident Hong Kong,


  • Haris Shekhani Musculoskeletal Imaging 04/15/2016

    Lipofibromatous hamartoma of the median nerve: A case report ABSTRACT Lipofibromatous hamartoma is a rare and slow growing benign fibro-fatty tumor. It is characterized by the proliferation of mat...

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  • Elie Najem

    2018-11-12 03:05:02 Visible by anyone.

    Questions and Answers:


    1.      The most common site of intracranial calcifications in the pediatric population is:

    a.       Cerebellum

    b.      Periventricular region

    c.       Pineal gland

    d.      Thalamus

    e.       Falx cerebri


    Answer: c. In the pediatric population, they are typically seen in the pineal gland and choroid plexus. Pineal calcifications <1cm, appear as dots and tend to be benign in 40% of individuals less than 20 years old. Whereas pineal calcifications >1cm in patients younger than 9 years should be regarded as pathologic and warrant further investigation.


    2.      A blush-like pattern calcifications in the bilateral basal ganglia in a child is typically seen in:

    a.       Tuberous sclerosis

    b.      Raine syndrome

    c.       Krabbe’s disease

    d.      Sturge-Weber  syndrome

    e.       Neurofibromatosis


    Answer: c. Krabbe’s disease is an autosomal recessive demyelinating disorder affecting infants due to galactocerebroside b-galactosidase deficiency leading to accumulation of abnormal lipids. A symmetrical blush-like pattern of calcifications in the bilateral basal ganglia is characteristic.


    3.      A 3 day-old boy was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit after an episode of tonic-clonic seizure. His mother denied prenatal care. Non-contrast CT was showed both sub-ependymal and periventricular calcifications with cerebral volume loss. What is the most likely diagnosis?

    a.       Tuberous sclerosis

    b.      Congenital CMV

    c.       Congenital hypothyroidism

    d.      Neurofibromatois

    e.       Hypoglycemia-induced seizure


    Answer: b. Congenital Cytomegalovirus (CMV): Incidence is 0.2-2.4% of live births. Intracranial calcifications are seen in 77% of those with imaging abnormalities typically in the sub-ependymal and periventricular regions of the brain along with brain atrophy.


    4.      Among all the intra-axial brain tumors, which of the following is mostly associated with intracranial calcifications?

    a.       Oligodendroglioma

    b.      Pilocytic astrocytoma

    c.       Dysembryonic neuroectodermal tumors

    d.      Medulloblastoma

    e.       Metastasis


    Answer: a. Oligodendrogliomas exhibit the highest frequency of calcifications (up to 90%). Calcifications can be scattered dots or clumped together to form large nodules, located centrally or peripherally and frequently in the frontal lobes.


    5.      A 50-year-old female patient presented with dry coughfatigue, and shortness of breath. On physical exam she has tender reddish bumps on the skin. Review of the systems revealed seizures and depression. CXR showed enlarged hilar lymph nodes and CT scan of the brain showed small calcified masses in the leptomeninges and periventricular white matter. What is the most likely diagnosis?

    a.       Hypothyroidism

    b.      Hyperparathyroidism

    c.       Hemochromatosis

    d.      Chronic lead toxicity

    e.       Sarcoidosis


    Answer: e. Sarcoidosis affects many organs including the CNS, lungs and skin. On non-contrast CT scan of the brain, small calcified granulomas can be seen in the leptomeninges, periventricular white matter, pons, hypothalamus, pituitary stalk, and optic chiasm with varying degrees of edema.


  • New member:

    Marco Varrassi

    Radiologist Italy,


  • Malvika Gulati

    2019-07-11 10:24:59 Visible by anyone.
  • UMESH MITTAL Chest & Cardiac Imaging 12/15/2014

    A coronary cameral fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between a coronary artery and any cardiac chamber . CCF is an uncommon disorder with an incidence of 0.1% in patients undergoing coronary ...

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  • New member:

    Shuaib Kajee

    Radiologist ,


  • Radiology resident Malaysia, Selangor

    Im a radiology Resident from Malaysia ...

  • Jeffrey Gnerre Abdominal Imaging 11/12/2014

    Gallbladder varices are a rare form of collateralization that develops in patients with portal hypertension. We present here a case of gallbladder varices accurately diagnosed by contrast enhanced CT ...

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  • Ben Packard Interventional Radiology 08/07/2016

    Our patient was a 36 year-old female with past medical history significant for AIDS, hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus type 2, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with dialysis; her AV fistula ...

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  • Samad Shah Neuroradiology 03/13/2017

    Purpose: To review a complicated case of primary leptomeningeal PNET (primitive neuroectodermal tumor) in a pediatric patient presenting with misleading clinical symptoms and to illustrate deceivin...

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  • Rachel Griggs Pediatric radiology 11/19/2015

    This is a case review series, reviewing three cases of viral myelitis linked to Enterovirus D68 recently treated at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles. In this article, we compare our imaging findings ...

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  • New member:

    Michael Korczynski

    Other resident United States, NV


  • amer ameli Abdominal Imaging 01/15/2015

    23 years old male dyer complaining from right shoulder pain all Examination normal apart from ultrasound which i do for all my patient as routine examination see finding in u/s which confirmed by CT s...

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  • New member:

    Fateme Hosseinabadi

    Radiologist Iran, Islamic Republic Of,


  • New member:

    besbes djamel



  • New member:

    Edgar Lorente

    Radiology resident Spain,


  • New member:

    neha MR



  • Renan Ibrahem Abdominal Imaging 02/27/2016

    Summary: A case report of a 72-year-old female patient presenting with right-sided abdominal pain and back pain, on whom initial abdominal ultrasound revealed a hepatic mass. With the aid of subseq...

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