Acute flaccid paralysis in the setting of viral myelitis: A case review series
This is a case review series, reviewing three cases of viral myelitis linked to Enterovirus D68 recently treated at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles. In this article, we compare our imaging findings with those described in the current literature. We also explore potential imaging and clinical differences between enteroviral serotypes, specifically between Enterovirus 71 and Enterovirus D68. Radiologists should be aware of the clinical and imaging findings associated with enteroviral myelitis. Enteroviral myelitis is an emerging cause of acute flaccid paralysis in the pediatric population, and as the laboratory diagnosis remains challenging, magnetic resonance imaging is the key diagnostic tool to differentiate enteroviral myelitis from other causes of acute flaccid paralysis.